can be started indoors in individual pots with damp peat moss and vermiculite. Use caution and make sure all danger of frost has passed when transplanting them outdoors. Choose a sunny site with well-drained, sandy soil. Dig a hole a little larger than the 5 cm you’ll need to plant the dahlia
. Amend soil with peat moss or compost. Replace about half the soil, then place tubers flat and cover with remaining soil. Space tubers 30–90 cm apart depending on variety. Water after planting and not again until shoots appear. Stake plants and increase watering as they grow while fertilizing sparingly. Pinch and disbud dahlias
for later and larger flowers. Buds tend to grow in threes; two-sided ones should be carefully pinched to develop the central bloom. This is especially important with border or containerized dahlias
. If the plants are not pinched back, they will not retain their compact size.
In areas with winter freeze, carefully dig the tubers in fall after the frost kills the foliage. Cut the stalk approximately 15 cm above the tuber. Dahlias
should be dried for only a couple of hours before storing in plastic-lined shallow boxes with a blanket of vermiculite or peat moss. Hardy in zones 8–10.