A new rose
bush will provide stunning color, fragrance and texture in just about any garden setting. And unlike roses of old, today’s modern roses
require surprisingly little care. By following just a few basic tips, your rose bush will thrive beautifully for years. After receiving your rose bush
from Breck’s, remove from container and soak the roots in a pail of water for at least an hour (no more than 12 hours) just before planting. Select a sunny (at least six hours of sun) location with well-drained soil for planting. Roses
do not like “wet feet.”
- Although your roses
can be planted at any time, best results are achieved when they are planted on a cloudy, calm day. Dig a hole 30–45 cm deep and wide enough so all of the roots can be spread out without touching the sides of the hole. Mix the soil from the hole with a good measure of leaf mold, peat moss, manure or compost. Mound a cone of soil in the centre of the hole. Trim off any broken roots, then spread healthy roots around soil mound with bud union (the knot at the base of the plant) at ground level for mild climates, 5–8 cm below ground level for cold climates. Fill hole half full with soil mixture, and water well to settle soil and eliminate air pockets. Let water drain—this is a good way to be sure your rose
will have adequate drainage. Fill remainder of hole with soil mixture. Water thoroughly again. Then, mound loose soil up and around canes to protect the plant from sudden temperature changes. Gently wash away soil to ground level when rose
require the equivalent of 2–3 cm of rainfall each week. They will bloom best if their roots are kept moist but not waterlogged. Water thoroughly—a slow, deep soak at the ground is most efficient. Don’t water from above—avoid getting foliage wet, as this can encourage disease problems. Deadheading, the process of removing faded blooms from your rose plants
, is the best way to keep hybrid tea, grandiflora and floribunda roses blooming all season. When you deadhead, cut back below the first five-leaflet stem to promote strong return growth. Removing any dead flowers prevents the formation of hips, so plants can direct their energy to developing new blooms and foliage. Most shrub roses
we offer are self-cleaning. The petals drop on their own as they mature, and new blooms come behind them.
In the Winter— After the first killing frost of fall, make a mound of loose soil at least 20 cm high over the base of the plant in zones 5 and below. Then cover the mound and remaining exposed canes with hay, straw, grass clippings, oak leaves or similar material.
In the Spring— Modern roses
should be pruned early in the spring, when about half of the growth buds swell. First remove any dead or damaged canes. Next you should cut back about one-third to one-half of the previous year’s growth. Then remove any crossing canes. Finally, you will want to remove any suckers.